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Instructions to link to this guide

Spanish Words, Common Phrases, and Grammar


Here are some conversational phrases that are essential for survival:

English Spanish Pronunciation
Good morning. Buenos días. booEHN-os DEE-as
Good afternoon. Buenas tardes. booEHN-as TAR-dehs
Good evening. (greeting) Buenas noches. booEHN-as NO-chehs
Hello, my name is John. Hola, me llamo Juan. OH-la meh YA-mo Wahn
What is your name? ¿Cómo se llama usted? KOH-moh seh YA-mah oos-TEHD
How are you? ¿Cómo está usted? KOH-moh ehs-TA oos-TEHD
I am fine. Estoy bien. ehs-TOY bee-EHN
Nice to meet you. Mucho gusto. MOO-choh GOOS-toh
Goodbye. Adiós. ah-dee-OHS
See you later. Hasta luego. AHS-ta looEH-go
I am lost. Where is the restroom? Estoy perdido. ¿Dónde está el baño? ehs-TOY pehr-DEE-doh. DOHN-deh ehs-TA el BAH-neeo
Excuse me. Con permiso. OR Perdóname kohn pehr-MEE-soh OR pehr-DOH-nah-meh
Please. Por favor. pohr fah-VOR
Thank you. Gracías. gra-SEE-ahs
I'm sorry. Lo siento. low see-EHN-to
Bless you. Salud. sah-LOOD
You are welcome (it was nothing). De nada. deh NA-da
How much does it cost? ¿Cuánto cuesta? kooAN-to KWEHS-ta
How many are there? ¿Cuántos hay? kooAN-tohs eye
There are many. Hay muchos. eye MOO-chohs
Do you want to buy this? ¿Quiere comprarlo usted? kee-EHR-eh kohm-PRAR-loh oos-TEHD
What time is it? ¿Qué hora es? keh OR-ah ehs
How do you say maybe in Spanish? ¿Cómo se dice maybe en Español? KOH-mo seh DEE-seh maybe ehn ehs-pahn-YOL
Yes. Sí. see
No. No. no
I do not understand. Yo no comprendo. yoh no kom-PREN-doh
Would you speak slower, please. Por favor, habla mas despacio. pohr fah-VOR, AH-blah mahs dehs-PAHS-ee-oh
Who? ¿Quièn? kee-EHN
Why? ¿Por què? pohr keh

Basic Sentence Structure

Subject + Verb + Object
Example: Yo quiero una tortilla. (I want a tortilla.)

Adjectives come after the word it describes, where in English the adjectives come before it.
El libro rojo es mío. (The red book is mine.)

Directory of Common Vocabulary Words

  School
  Places
  Business
  House and Furniture
  Body and Clothing
  Animals and Nature
  Religion



School (Escuela)
Accounting == Contabilidad
Algebra == Álgebra
Art == Arte
Biology == Biología
Business == Negocio
Calculus == Cálculo
Chemistry == Química
Computer Science == Informática
Dance == Danza
Economics == Economía
Foreign Languages == Idiomas Extranjeros
Geography == Geografía
Geometry == Geometría
History == Historia
Math == Matemáticas
Music == Música
Physical Education == Educación F ísica
Physics == Física
Political Science == Ciencia Política
book == el libro
college == el colegio
computer == la computadora
dictionary == el diccionário
paper == el papel
pencil == el lapiz
pen == el lapicero
professor == profesor/a
school == escuela
student == estudiente
teacher == maestro/maestra
test/quiz/exam == el examen
university == la universidad

to study == estudiar
to learn == aprender
to teach == enseñar
to write == escribir
to draw == dibujar
to read == leer



Places (Lugares)
airport == el aeropuerto
bakery == lapanadería
bank == el banco
beach == la playa
cafe == el café
church == la iglesia
factory == la fábrica
garden == el gardín
grocery store == almacén
home == el hogar
hospital == la hospital
library == la biblioteca
market == el mercado
movie theater == el cine
museum == el museo
pastry shop == panaderia
park == el parque
pharmacy == la farmácia
police station == la estación de la policía
post office == los correos
pool == la piscina
restaurant == el restaurante
school == la escuela
stadium == el estadio
store == tienda
train station == la estación del tren
town hall == pasillo de ciudad
bookstore == librería
zoo == parque zoológico



Business (Negocio)
office == la officina
city == la ciudad
the rent == la renta
tax == el impuesto
the cost == la cuesta
price == el précio
bill == la cuenta
estimate == la estimación
check == el cheque
travelers check == el cheque de viajar
passport == el passaporte
luggage/baggage == el equipaje
currency exchange == el intercambio de modernidad
customs == las aduanas
entrance == la entrada
exit == el salido
information == la información

to pay == pagar
to buy == comprar
to sell == vender
to cost == costar
to rent == alquiler
to deposit == depositar



Transportation (Transporte)
by airplane == en avión
by bicycle == en bicicleta
by boat == en barco
by bus == en bus
by car == en automovíl
on foot == a pie
by moped == en ciclomotor
by motorcycle == en motocicleta
by subway == en subterráneo
by taxi == en taxi
by train == en tren
engine == motor
wheel == llanta
map == mapa
directions == los direcciones
to accelerate == acelerar
to break == retardarse
to stop == parar
to go == ir
turn left == dar vuelta a la izqierda
turn right == dar vuelta a la derecha
go straight == ir derecho



House and Furniture (Casa y Muebles)
house == la casa
apartment == el apartamento
room == el cuarto
living room == la sala
kitchen == la cocina
dining room == cuarto de cenar
hallway == vestíbulo
stairs == escaleras
bathroom == el baño
bathtub == bañera
shower == ducha
sink == la pila
roof == azotea
closet == armario
table == la mesa
chair == la silla
couch == sofá
desk == escritorio
window == la ventana
door == el puerto
wall == la pared
bed == cama
blanket == manta
television == televisión
radio == el rádio
refrigerator == la refrijedora
stove == estufa
oven == el horno
dishwasher == lavaplatos
microwave == microonda
light == la luz
garbage == la basura



Body and Clothing ((el Cuerpo y la Ropa))
head == la cabeza
brain == el cerebro
hair == el pelo
face == la cara
ear == el oreja
eye == el ojo
mouth == la boca
nose == la naríz
neck == el cuello
shoulder == el hombro
chest == el pecho
stomach == el estómigo
waist == la cintura
back == la espalda
heart == el corazón
arm == el brazo
elbow == el codo
wrist == la muñeca
hand == el mano
finger == el dedo
leg == la pierna
foot == el pie
toe == el dedo del pie
hat == el sombrero
earrings == los pendientes
shirt == la camisa
blouse == la blusa
dress == el vestido
pants == los pantelones
jeans == pantalones vaqueros
skirt == la falda
socks == los calcetines
shoes == los zapatos
swimsuit == el traje de bañar
underwear == ropa anterior
gloves == los guantes
belt == la correa
coat == la capa
ring == el anillo

My arm hurts. == Me duelle en mi brazo.
Are you hurt? == ¿Estás lastimado?
I have a headache. == Tengo dolor de la cabeza.
Do you have aspirin? == ¿Tienes aspirina?
You are hurting me. == Me estás lastimando.
Don't hurt him/her. == No lo/la lastimas.



Animals and Nature ((Animales y Naturaleza))
dog == perro/a
cat == gato/a
mouse == ratón
bird == ave
chicken/rooster == gallina/gallo
cow == la vaca
duck == pato/a
goat == la cabra
horse == el caballo
pig == cerdo/a
sheep == oveja

lion == el lión
tiger == el tigre
bear == el oso
wolf == el lobo
elephant == el elefante
monkey == el mono
skunk == la mofeta
eagle == águila
fish == pez
whale == la ballena
forest == el bosque
trees == los árboles
plant == planta
flower == flor
jungle == selva
ocean == el océano
river == el río
pond == la charca
lake == el lago
hill == la colina
mountain == la montaña
waterfall == cascada
rainbow == el arco iris
sky == el cielo
cloud == niebla
rain == la lluvia
snow == el nieve



Religion ((Religión))
angel == el ángel
baptism == el bautismo
Bible == la biblia
bishop == el obispo
Buddhism == el buddismo
cathedral == el catedral
Christianity == el cristianismo
church == la iglesia
faith == la fe
God == el Diós
heaven == el cielo
hell == el infierno
Judaism == el judaismo
monastery == el monasterio
Pope == el Pápa
prophet == la profeta
Protestant == el protestante
religion == la religión
sermon == el sermón
temple == el templo

to worship == adorar
to pray == orar
to repent (reflexive) == arrepentirse
to sing == cantar